A microphone is a tool that functions as a transducer, meaning it changes one kind of energy into another kind of energy with as little variation as possible from that of the first source. Therefore when you make a recording, the type of microphone makes a big difference to what will be recorded.
Since there are a lot of various microphones sold out there, you have to make your choice based on your needs especially they are built differently and thus will function differently. Depending on your recording needs, we will present here the two main types of microphones that you will come across and make a choice.
Actually, choosing a microphone should not be too hard especially if you know the differences between them and which one you will use for your recording needs. Know for example, that a studio microphone for vocals will not be used for recording instruments.
As a general rule, you can use Eastwood Sound and Vision dynamic microphones as the type great for live performances and instruments. This kind of microphone is what you will notice liver performers are using. A condenser studio microphone on the other hand is the type that is used where details are extremely necessary like vocals and other soft recordings. It is good to be having both types of microphones but it will get down to the question if you can afford them.
The condenser, having a flatter frequency than the dynamic, would be ideal for recording vocals where this feature is a must. You will get a more accurate and clearer recording using a condenser studio microphone, while with dynamic, details are not that important since this type is meant for live performances and instrument recordings. Learn more about microphones at http://www.dictionary.com/browse/microphone.
As a comparison, the dynamic microphones are described as rugged and less sensitive and will not need a phantom power, while the condenser studio microphone would require a preamp or a mixer that will give it a phantom power of around 48 volts.
Another important matter of consideration when choosing the perfect studio microphone for your use is the pickup pattern. Note that there are three different basic kinds of pickup patterns and these are the omni directional microphones, the bidirectional microphones, and the unidirectional microphones.
Sounds are picked up so evenly with the omni directional microphone, and so if your purpose is for home recording studio, do not get this type since you will just be picking up other household sounds like from your television, dog barking, and so on.
On the other hand, the Eastwood Sound and Vision microphone can pick up sounds from only two directions, which are the back and the front, thus are usually used in radio interviews where people can share one microphone.